The report of the International Transport Forum (ITF) assesses the impact of global alliances in container shipping. Currently, the European Commission …. … is reviewing the Consortium Block Exemption Regulation that allows shipping lines, under certain conditions, to set this type of alliances.
The ITF report sets out how alliances work, how they affect maritime transport systems and transport stakeholders, and how they are currently regulated. Based on this analysis, the report provides policy recommendations to governments.
The full report is available here.